HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL AND ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Department of physical and organic chemistry was organized in 1980 on the basis of two departments — Department of physical and colloid chemistry and Department of analytical and organic chemistry.
Department of physical and colloid chemistry appeared in Donetsk coal-chemical Institute in 1930, and its first head up to 1939 was Professor V.S. Crym. In the pre-war and war years the Department was headed by V.Ya. Volkov (1939-1941) and M.D. Kuznetsov (1942-1944). From 1945 to 1968 the head of the Department was Assoc. Prof. F.A. Santalov. During 1968-1980, the Department of physical and colloid chemistry was headed by a prominent scientist in the field of chemical thermodynamics — D. Sc., Prof. N.L. Yarym-Agayev. He founded the physico-chemical school with the scientific specialization "Thermodynamics of phase equilibria". It has been functioning for over 60 years. Over the years N.L. Yarym-Agayev and his disciples developed the description of phase equilibrium “liquid-vapor” in two- and multi-component systems for a wide class of such systems: with chemical interaction, with association of components in the gas phase, with ideal and non-ideal vapour phase, impurity type systems, etc. The investigation of electrical conductivity of alkaline metals halogenides saturated vapor was innovative. The results of this work are summed up in publications in leading periodicals of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Department of analytical chemistry was founded in 1932, and in 1964 it became part of the Department of analytical and organic chemistry. The first head was Assoc. Prof. R.N. Golovatiy (1932-1944), later Assoc. Prof. M.I. Babkin (1944-1964). The Department has implemented a comprehensive scientific study of oxalates solubility, the development of methods for phenols determination, carried out state contractual work on the mine waters analysis. During this period two candidate theses were defended.
In 1968, under the scientific supervision of Assoc. Prof. K.A. Uvarova the study of the complexation of metal cations with organic ligands started. This investigation initiated a new scientific specialization associated with the analysis of non-ferrous and ferrous metals. Since 1968 in the field of analytical chemistry over 100 scientific papers have been published and four PhD theses defended.
After detachment from the Mining Institute of independent Donetsk coal-chemical Institute in 1930, the Department of organic chemistry was headed by Prof. A.I. Tulparov, and in 1935. — Prof. N. Rozhdestvensky. In the period 1950-1961 the head of the Department was Prof. V.M. Kravchenko, the sphere of his scientific interests included the issues of phase equilibrium in systems containing coal tar components.
In 1964 the Department of analytical and organic chemistry was formed. It was headed by Assoc. Profs A.K. Spitsyn (1964-1968), K.A. Uvarova (1968-1977) and D.D. Mysyk (1978-1980).
Between 1980 and 2005 the Department of physical and organic chemistry was headed by Prof. V.G. Matvienko. Now the Department is headed by D. Sc., Prof. Yu.B. Vysotsky. One of research activities of the Department is the study of thermodynamic equilibria of liquid-vapor systems containing hydrocarbons derivatives, as well as their interface behaviour. Within this trend there are two specializations. One of them, associated with quantum-chemical modelling of the surfactants films formation at water-vapor interface, is headed by Yu.B. Vysotsky. The calculations are carried out within the framework of the semi-empirical methods, mainly PM3 method. The thermodynamic parameters of clustering of alcohols, saturated and cis-monoenoic of carboxylic acids, amino acids, substituted melamine, thioalcohols, amines, fluoroalcohols on the interfacial surface have already been calculated. At present the effect of external factors on the thermodynamic regularities of clustering process is under study. In the future we plan to initiate the investigation of biological systems, particularly proteins. According to the long-term cooperation agreement with Institute of colloids and surface of Max Planck Institute (Holm, Germany), Yu.B. Vysotsky is one of the scientific supervisors of the joint project "Quantum-chemical description of the processes of organic molecules clustering and re-clustering at liquid-vapor interface". The results of the research are published in over 50 papers, including publications in international journals.
The second specialization, formed by D. Sc., Prof. N.L. Yarym-Agayev 60 years ago, is now headed by Prof. V. G. Matvienko. Its scientific interest is chemical thermodynamics of phase equilibria. During its existence the school has published over three hundred research papers. Description of liquid-vapor equilibrium in two- and multi-component systems with ideal gas phase, chemical interaction and association of components in the vapor phase, non-ideal gas phase, in the systems of extrinsic type, has been described, theoretically and experimentally confirmed. Ionic equilibria in halides of alkali and alkaline earth metals vapors and binary systems on their basis have been investigated (theoretically and experimentally). The liquid-vapor equilibrium in a number of dual salt systems on the halides of alkali metals basis at high temperatures has been studied.
Considerable experimental data on solubility of natural gas components (hydrocarbons, H2S, CO2, COS, etc.) in various solvents (N-methylpyrrolidone, ?-butyrolactone, methanol, acetone, diethylene glycol, etc.) has been accumulated, recommendations on use of these adsorbents for gas purification developed. A number of investigations into phase equilibria liquid-liquid, liquid-crystals, liquid-crystal-vapor systems containing industrially important components has been carried out. The concept of the "anomalous" nature of liquid-vapor equilibrium setting process has been suggested and theoretically corroborated.
Since 1965 there has been scientific activity in the field of analytical chemistry concerned with the separation, extraction and concentration in the analysis, the development of determination methods for non-ferrous and rare metals. These studies were carried out under the guidance of Assoc. Prof. K.A. Uvarova. On this subject there have been published 89 scientific papers, contractual work on ferrous metals alloys analysis certification being carried out. Since 1979 the work in non-ferrous metals analysis attestation is performed. The results were included into standard alloys certificates. Within the program of education of highly qualified specialists in analytical chemistry four PhD theses have been defended.
The organic chemistry research was formed by Assoc. Prof. D.D. Mysyk. Since mid-1960s, the scientists of the Department focused on the development of electrons acceptance synthesis and study of their complexes with charge transfer, and compounds with intra-molecular charge transfer, the compounds photoconductivity activation of organic semiconductor materials used for recording the optical information.
All the subjects taught in the Department, are provided with the corresponding teaching materials. Particularly important is an original course of lectures on physical chemistry, developed by Prof. N.L. Yarym-Agayev. Laboratory basis of the Department supports adequate academic process for DonNTU students in physical, colloid, analytical and organic chemistry and other disciplines related to chemistry.